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Being a Golden Hawk means more than just cheering on our (really good) varsity teams – it means being a student who cares about your community, who works hard in the classroom, and who takes advantage of all the learning opportunities that can happen outside the classroom, too.

Geography (BSc)


Geographers examine interactions between humans and their environment. Over the past few hundred years, humans have modified urban and natural systems at a staggering rate. As the human population continues to increase and the demand for space becomes more competitive, graduates of Geography will have a sound basis for understanding these pressing issues.

Physical geography includes the sub-disciplines of geomorphology, climatology, biogeography and hydrology, and focuses on understanding how processes in the natural environment function.

Our Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Geography offers you the opportunity to study with professors who are leading researchers in their fields, and acquire a broad range of skills and expertise in physical geography and geospatial analysis.

The BSc in Geography program prepares you to seek professional registration as an environmental geoscientist (PGeo). Professional registration allows you to practice geoscience in the province of Ontario. The work involves analysis of different Earth systems and geoscientific situations in natural settings, so geoscientists need to gather on-site data and make direct field observations. Worksite locations can be remote and physically challenging. As a BSc in Geography graduate you will be able to confidently apply to seek professional registration.

If you are interested in mapping and technology, our BSc in Geography and Geomatics degree might be for you. For this degree, you’ll focus on Geographic Information Systems (GIS), cartography, spatial analysis and programming. If you are interested in biology, we offer a combined BSc in Environmental Science.

Geography is also available as a Bachelor of Arts degree.

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Program Highlights

  • First-year Geography courses combine classroom learning with hands-on lab meetings, so that you can develop key research and analytical skills in small-group settings.
  • In upper years you will participate in field and lab courses where you can design and carry out original research projects.
  • In fourth-year courses you have the option of doing an undergraduate thesis project to refine your research skills, or to participate in field courses in places such as Costa Rica, the Canadian Rockies, and Yukon.
  • As a Geography student, you will learn quantitative and qualitative research skills that you can apply to a range of careers and graduate research directions.
  • You will learn to use computerized Geographic Information Systems (GIS), a skill that is highly desired by private and public sector employers.

Sample Courses

  • Coastal Processes and Landforms
  • Geographic Information and Analysis
  • Fluvial Geomorphology
  • Spatial Analysis
  • Catchment and Global Biogeochemistry


  • Admission range of mid 70s.
  • English at 60%.
  • Advanced Functions at 60%.
  • Two of the following: Biology, Chemistry or Physics at 60%.
  • All prerequisite courses calculated in admission average. 
  • More admission requirements, including requirements for transfer students, are available in our admissions toolkit.

International Baccalaureate Requirements

  • HL or SL English at 3.
  • HL or SL Mathematics at 3.
  • Two of HL or SL Biology, Chemistry or Physics each at 3.
  • IB Minimum Score: 26.


Recent career examples of our graduates include:

  • climate impact and adaptation researcher
  • GIS applications specialist
  • industrial meteorologist
  • environmental geoscientist (PGeo)
  • hydrographer
  • hydrometeorologist

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