In October 2017, budget templates were issued to budget leaders to provide a uniform basis for summarizing departmental priorities. The budget template included sections for both departmental requests and requests for institutional costs the unit has the responsibility to oversee.
The budget templates provided the units with an opportunity to detail their 2018/19 operational plans where there would be a difference between their starting base budget and final proposed budget. Units were to include intended 2018/19 activities and resourcing requirements resulting from those activities. Plans were listed in priority sequence. A new requirement this year was to identify the proposed funding source to meet the resource needs identified in the operational plan.
In November 2017, each Vice-President had an opportunity to present their operational plans to the Budget Committee for consideration. Also in November, institutional costs were reviewed and adjusted as necessary.
In December, Strategic Enrolment Management (SEM) provided a high-level revenue projection, which formed the preliminary forecast and the budget envelope enabling the Budget Committee information to make informed decisions regarding departmental requests.
In January, departmental requests were finalized and the full allocation by Faculty was completed. Meetings were held between the acting Vice-President: Academic and the Faculty Deans to discuss the transitional plan implications.
Throughout February, an analytical and comprehensive review of the 2018/19 Preliminary Budget was performed.
The budget committee:
The budget committee is advisory to its co-chairs, the provost and vice-president: finance and administration, who in turn recommend a budget to the president. Membership includes all vice-presidents, the senior executive officer for Brantford and three deans. The committee is supported by relevant resource staff and works in concert with the existing governance system.
March and April
The key drivers impacting the Budget for tuition revenue include the government’s policy on the tuition rate framework and the University’s enrolment plan and projections. Operating grants are impacted by government policy and announcements through the Provincial Budget.
Student enrolment drives more than 90% of operating revenue. The Strategic Enrolment Management Committee oversees the development of short-term and long-term enrolment targets for both graduate and undergraduate students. This forms the basis of the enrolment forecast, which is then used to project enrolment-related revenue (tuition and grant) institutionally and by Faculty.
SEM is tasked with developing long-term enrolment plans that reflect a comprehensive and integrated approach to strategic enrolment management. SEM is co-chaired by the VP: Academic and the VP: Student Affairs. The Committee includes all Deans, Principal/Dean of the Seminary, AVP Enrolment Services & Registrar, and AVP Financial Resources as well as resource members.
In Fall 2017, SEM reviewed a two-year enrolment plan and Faculty-level targets relative to the corridor for both domestic/international students and undergraduate/graduate students. The finalized targets drove the total tuition and grant revenue forecast. The SEM process involves:
While SEM’s scope includes both new and returning students, the main point of influence each year in terms of total enrolment is the setting of intake targets for new students, a relatively small proportion of total enrolment. Returning students are forecasted based on historical retention rates. The corridor applies to eligible (i.e. domestic) students only.
Looking forward to the 2019/20 Budget, SEM will begin their work earlier in the year and the budget development process. This will be beneficial as we will know earlier in the process the projected revenue envelope which can then inform decisions related to budget development process.
In 2018/19, undergraduate (UG) domestic enrolment is projected to increase 2.8% from the prior year and total graduate enrolment is projected to increase by 6.6%. The following chart shows the FTE enrolment from 2008/09 to 2018/19 including undergraduate domestic, undergraduate international and graduate.
The FTE enrolment trend from 2008/09 to 2018/19 including undergraduate domestic, undergraduate international and graduate is shown in Chart 1.
The table below shows how undergraduate domestic, undergraduate international and graduate percentage relative to the total has grown over the same period. Over time, enrolment has diversified across these categories.
The following table illustrates the forecasted change in total students including undergraduate headcount and graduate FTEs from 2017/18 to 2018/19:
|Graduate FTEs – Masters||786||880||+12.0%|
|Graduate FTEs – PhD||221||233||+5.5%|
The growth in undergraduate students reflects a projected intake of new domestic students similar to Fall 2016 and also strong flow through of continuing students (intake of domestic students has increased each year from 2015/16 to 2017/18).
The graduate-level enrolments reflect both domestic and international students. The increase aligns with the increase in Laurier’s funded graduate spaces through SMA2.
Full-time undergraduate headcount of 15,578 for Fall 2018 are projected to be marginally higher than the previous year’s actual count of 15,233. Projected enrolments include 14,497 domestic and 1,081 international students, representing an increase of 232 domestic students and 113 international students from Fall 2017. Enrolments include students in the consecutive Bachelor of Education program, a second entry undergraduate program.
|Actual 2016||Actual 2017||Projected 2018|
Though the overall undergraduate enrolment is projected to increase by 2.3%, the first year intake is similar to 2016/17 as shown in the following chart. The below chart shows first year undergraduate intake for both domestic and international students.
The following information shows the composition for projected full-time undergraduate headcount for both first year intake and total enrolment. This information is displayed by campus, type of student and Faculty. Total enrolment: 15,578 students.
Total Undergraduate Enrolment by Campus
Total Undergraduate Enrolment by Type of Student
Total Undergraduate Enrolment by Faculty
Enrolment increases in graduate programs are forecasted for Master’s students in professional and research-based academic programs for Fall 2018 of approximately 13.6% and 10.0%, respectively, from the previous year. Projected enrolments for doctoral programs are expected to increase 5.1% from the previous year. The tables below show the change in graduate FTE by program category, type of student and by Faculty.
|Program Category||2016 Actual||2017 Actual||2018 Projected|
|By Type of Student||2016 Actual||2017 Actual||2018 Projected|
|By Faculty||2016 Actual||2017 Actual||2018 Projected|
|Faculty of Arts||181.2||197.3||202.7|
|Faculty of Science||184.5||215.5||221.2|
|Faculty of Music||29.6||30.6||45.0|
|Faculty of Social Work||236.0||256.9||279.2|
|Faculty of Liberal Arts||19.2||18.2||25.8|
|Faculty of Human and Social Sciences||22.0||20.0||24.0|
|Faculty of Education||12.0||17.7||21.9|
Laurier currently has an envelope of $300 million to fund expenses which represents the preliminary revenue forecast for 2018/19. Expenses are categorized as Direct Cost of Teaching, Departmental Requests, Institutional Costs – Unit Oversight, and Institutional Costs – Central Oversight.
Direct teaching costs result from the creation of new programs and the related new program budgets are reviewed and approved by Senate Finance and Senate. These incremental costs are more than offset by the related incremental revenue from the new programs.
For new academic programs, cost information was obtained from the new program proposal process which included a detailed multi-year budget. A set of principles was applied to determine the amount of budget provided. One-time-only (OTO) funding is provided until the enrolments are consistently maintained.
For continuing programs, additional direct teaching costs are considered when consistent enrolment is maintained and the request for additional resources is in alignment with the Faculty transition plan.
Direct teaching costs may include the hiring of faculty members or Contract Academic Staff (CAS), the development and delivery of online courses, teaching assistance, lab supervision, support staff, partnerships, lab equipment, space and operating costs.
To identify which additional budget requests would be funded by the 2018/19 budget, these requests were evaluated against guidelines established in the budget process. As a result, some requests were determined to be funded by the unit and others were funded as OTO rather than base. The operating plan guidelines adhere to the following principles:
The operating plan follows the process below.
Unit Level: Prioritized 2018/19 operational plans – can the change be managed by the unit?
Portfolio Level: Questions to consider when reviewing templates, then proceed to budget committee:
Institutional costs are costs that are directly attributed to any one unit, and the unit has the responsibility to oversee the cost. However, the unit has limited control over how the cost may increase or decrease (eg. audit fees, WSIB, bank charges).
These costs were reviewed by the unit as part of their template exercise and the proposed change in cost was brought forward to the Budget Committee for review and further discussion.
Institutional costs are costs that cannot be directly attributed to a unit. These costs are reviewed for any changes that may cause the cost to increase or decrease (eg. University Memberships, such as COU).
These costs (both revenue and expense) were reviewed based on actual experience and/or future known assumptions and adjusted accordingly. The expected change was brought forward to the Budget Committee for information.