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The 2018/19 operating budget detailed information is presented beginning with a summary of the operating budget. 

2018/19 Budget by Revenue and Expenses in 000s
Revenue 2017/18
Change %
Tuition fees 157,417 175,680 18,263 11.6%
Enrolment based government grants 98,655 100,319 1,664 1.7%
Other income and fees 24,528 24,538 10 0.0%
Revenue Total 280,599 300,537 19,937 7.1%
Salary and Benefit
Change %
Full-/part-time faculty costs 101,206 103,200 1,994 2%
Full-/part-time staff costs 69,326 73,367 4,041 6%
Statutory and fringe benefits 17,807 19,099 1,292 7%
Current service costs 18,028 18,028 N/A 0%
Pension plan deficiency 5,784 6,275 491 8%
Retirees, maternity,
tuition exemptions
4,875 5,073 198 4%
Post employment – non cash N/A N/A N/A N/A
Salary and Benefit
Expenses Total
217,026 225,041 8,015 4%
Change %
Equipment/software 4,071 4,695 624 15%
Library acquisitions 3,871 3,858 (13) (0%)
Scholarships and bursaries 16,975 18,203 1,228 7%
Travel expenses 2,521 2,311 (210) (8%)
Facility rentals/occupancy costs 2,313 2,429 116 5%
Supplies and general expense 14,885 20,411 5,526 37%
Debt service 5,373 5,373 N/A 0%
Capital and deferred maintenance 5,774 5,457 (317) (5%)
Equipment/operating renewal 3,063 3,607 544 18%
Utilities, insurance and taxes 6,604 6,589 (15) (0%)
Contingency 3,000 3,000 N/A 0%
Institutional reserve 0 50 50 N/A
Expenses Total
68,450 78,984 7,534 11%
Expenses Total 285,476 301,025 15,549 5%
Before Budget
(4,877) (488) 4,388 N/A

The summary is broken out into major revenue and expense types with a comparison to the 2017/18 budget noting the major changes year-over-year. Further, the impact of the strategic investment process is highlighted separately.

3.1 Revenue

Revenues from student tuition fees and government operating grants account for 92% of the total operating revenues. The following chart depicts the breakdown of total revenue: other income and fees (8%), government grants (33%), and tuition (59%).

Overall, total revenues are expected to increase by $19.9 million or 7.1%. The following provides a comprehensive review of each major component of operating revenues and the factors causing the change from the previous year. For tuition fees, both enrolment growth and higher fee rates contribute to the revenue increase. For enrolment based grants, an increase in graduate spaces funded by MAESD through the SMA2 negotiation accounts for all of the revenue increase.

Operating Revenue Components in the Budget (in 000s)
Budget Components 2017/18 2018/19 Change %
Tuition fees 157,417 175,682 18,263 11.6%
Enrolment-based grants 98,655 100,319 1,664 1.7%
Subtotal 256,072 275,999 19,927 7.8%
Other revenue 24,527 24,538 11 0.0%
Total 280,599 300,537 19,938 7.1%
Student FTE 17,992 19,008 1,016 5.6%

3.1.1 Tuition

Publicly funded tuition fees are governed by the Provincial government’s regulated framework of tuition fee policies and guidelines. The previous extension of the existing framework remains in place for academic years 2017/18 and 2018/19.

Under the Tuition Fee Framework for 2018/19, the overall average rate of tuition fee increase across all publicly funded programs at an institution continues to be capped at 3.0%. The maximum allowable annual tuition fee increase by program type is as follows:

  • Arts and Science undergraduate and other undergraduate programs: 3% for all students.
  • Professional undergraduate or any graduate program: 5% for all students.
  • Overall average tuition fee increase: 3%.

Fees for international students are not eligible for MAESD operating grant funding and therefore, are not governed by the government’s tuition framework.

Generally speaking, tuition rates for international students had previously been guided by the tuition rate increases experienced by domestic students; that is, a complex matrix of fee rates based on continuing/entering and year of entry. In 2013/14 the Board of Governors approved a standard international tuition rate to be applied effective 2013/14 for entering students and the differentiated rate model to be phased out.

For other non-publicly-funded programs and courses, the University has full discretion over tuition fee increases because these are not eligible for provincial government funding and are not governed by the government’s tuition policy. Tuition rates for these programs are guided by the market and Laurier’s relative competiveness.

The following table shows the major components of the changes in tuition revenue for 2018/19 over 2017/18.

Tuition Revenue Components in the Budget (in 000s)
Budget Components 2017/18 2018/19 Change %
Undergraduate 137,992 154,290 16,298 11.8%
Graduate 18,500 20,590 2,090 11.3%
Cross-Registration 925 800 -125 -13.5%
Total 157,417 175,680 18,263 11.6%

Cross-registration fees relate to students who are cross-registered with both Laurier and the University of Waterloo. Revenue flows between the two institutions and represents an allocation for both tuition and grant.

Total UG tuition revenue is forecasted to increase by 11.8% with fees for grant-eligible and grant-ineligible students forecasted to increase by 8.4% and 27.5% respectively. The 8.4% UG increase can be further broken down by 3.5% rate and 4.5% volume for grant-eligible students and 5.3% rate and 20.3% volume for grant-ineligible students.

Graduate tuition revenue is forecasted to increase by 11.3% overall with fees for students in grant-eligible and grant-ineligible programs forecast to increase by 10.0% and 15.1%, respectively.

3.1.2 Government Grants

MAESD implemented a new funding formula to allocate operating grant revenue in fiscal 2017/18, aligned with the beginning of SMA2. Operating grant allocations for universities are now governed by a corridor system that includes a negotiated midpoint, indicating the level of funded student enrolments.

The operating grant mechanism implemented by MAESD in fiscal 2017/18 has three major components:

  • Core Operating Grant (COG): The weighted enrolment measure used as a basis for calculating the COG is called the Weighted Grant Unit (WGU) and replaces the BIU. The operating grant revenue provided by the COG is calculated based on an equal level of funding per WGU. The number of WGUs per student, and therefore the grant funding, does vary based on the program and the year of study. The COG also includes the grant funding for students in the Consecutive Education program.
  • Differentiation Envelope: A grant envelope that, in future years (i.e. SMA3), may be used to allocate grant funding on outcome-based performance metrics. For the most part, the Differentiation grant envelope replaces the prior year’s quality enhancement and performance grant envelopes.
  • International Student Recovery: A reduction in operating grant based on the number of international undergraduate and Master's students.

The following table outlines the major sources of government grant funding in fiscal 2018/19.

Major Sources of Government Grant Funding in the Budget (in 000s)
Source of Funding 2017/18 2018/19 Change % Change
Core operating grant 93,781 95,520 1,739 1.9%
Differentiation envelope 5,659 5,659 0 1.1%
International student recovery -785 -860 -75 9.6%
Total 98,655 100,319 1,664 1.7%

3.1.3 Total Revenue by Faculty

Laurier’s RCM budget model allocates revenue based on student activity. A base domestic tuition rate is allocated based on the Faculty teaching each course. Operating grant and any tuition premium over and above the base rate is allocated based on students’ Faculty of Registration for their program. The total revenue for each Faculty is broken down as follows.

Total Revenue by Faculty (in Millions)

2017/18 Revenue

2018/19 Revenue
Change % Change
Arts 61.5 62.9 1.4 2.3%
Lazaridis School 84.0 89.1 5.1 6.1%
Education 2.6 3.2 0.6 23.1%
FHSS 15.2 17.5 2.3 15.1%
Liberal Arts 12.7 14.1 1.4 11.0%
Music 7.3 7.6 0.3 4.1%
SIPG 1.1 1.3 0.2 18.2%
Science 63.0 69.6 6.6 10.5%
Social Work 9.4 10.7 1.3 13.8%
Total 256.9 276.0 19.2 7.5%

The following chart outlines the total revenue allocation by faculty: Arts (23%), Lazaridis School (32%), Education (1%), HSS (6%), Liberal Arts (5%), Music 3%, SIPG (1%), Science (25%), Social Work (4%).

Other Income and Fees

Other income and fees are expected to remain consistent from the prior year. This category includes other general fees and program revenues such as transcript fees, co-op/internship fees, application fees, athletics, financing income, student interest, and teaching support services. Changes in these budget items can fluctuate, by their nature, but many changes are due to adjusting the budget to previous year’s actual experience. Also included in other revenue is the Bookstore contribution to the Operating Budget.

3.2 Expenses

The key drivers that impact salary rate expenditures are government policy regarding executive compensation and regular negotiated settlements through the collective bargaining process. The financial obligations with respect to the financing of Laurier’s Pension Plan require going concern deficiency payments and annual current service costs. Expenditures are also impacted by investments that are needed to support strategic investments, inflationary costs, regulatory requirements and other growth and quality requirements. Overall, total expenses are expected to increase by $15.5 million or 5%. Faculty and staff salaries and employee benefits account for 75% of the total operating expenditures. The following chart depicts the breakdown of total expenses: salary and benefits (75%) and non-salary (25%).


3.2.1 Direct Cost of Teaching

Direct teaching costs results from the creation of new programs and the related new program budgets are reviewed and approved by Senate Finance and Finance.

Direct Cost of Teaching in the Faculty of Human and Social Sciences
Description Base OTO Total
Policing – Keypath partner 400,000 N/A 400,000
Game Design – Conestoga partner N/A 189,507 189,507
Master of Public Safety (MPS) – Tenure track faculty 114,950 N/A 114,950
Policing/MPS – Academic program assistant 27,945 N/A 27,945
Total 542,895 189,507 732,402
Direct Cost of Teaching in the Faculty of Social Work
Description Base OTO Total
Master of Social Work (online) – Program coordinator N/A 72,600 72,600
Master of Social Work (online) – Keypath partner 218,000 N/A 218,000
Total 218,000 72,600 290,600
Direct Cost of Teaching in the Faculty of Liberal Arts
Description Base OTO Total
Digital Media and Journalism 268,000 N/A 268,000
Total 268,000 N/A 268,000
Direct Cost of Teaching in the Faculty of Science
Description Base OTO Total
Faculty of Science – Academic advisor 82,414 N/A 84,414
Total 84,414 N/A 84,414
Direct Cost of Teaching in the Faculty of Education
Description Base OTO Total
Masters of Education (Student Affairs focus) – Limited-term faculty N/A 33,820 33,820
Masters of Education (Student Affairs focus) – Program coordinator N/A 16,970 16,970
Total N/A 50,790 50,790

The grand total of all areas combined based on the above tables are:

  • Base: 1,111,309
  • OTO: 312,897
  • Total: 1,424,206

3.2.2 Departmental Requests

The table below lists the Departmental Requests that met the guidelines and were, therefore, recommended by the Budget Committee for approval in 2018/19.

Departmental Requests Recommended by Budget Committee for Approval in 2018/19
Request Base OTO Total %
Recruitment initiatives 191,000 540,000 731,000 16%
Development campaign 712,981 N/A 712,981 16%
Student support/student service 420,900 175,593 593,493 13%
Investments in technology 303,625 246,532 550,157 12%
Indigenization initiative N/A 500,000 500,000 11%
Communications/Public Relations 184,000 243,000 427,000 10%
Administrative support 281,654 103,000 384,654 9%
Academic support N/A 282,893 282,893 6%
Research 141,570 N/A 141,570 3%
Health and safety N/A 102,000 102,000 2%
Institutional initiatives N/A 45,000 45,000 1%
Total 2,235,730 2,235,018 4,470,748 100%

3.2.3 Institutional Costs – Unit Oversight

Institutional costs with unit oversight are costs that are directly attributed to a unit, and the unit has the responsibility to oversee the cost. However, the unit has limited control over how the cost may increase or decrease.

Institutional Costs – Unit Oversight
Description Base OTO Total
Investments in technology 1,221,791 N/A 1,221,791
Scholarships 1,208,171 N/A 1,208,171
Contractual obligations 787,108 146,520 933,628
Foreign exchange N/A 727,794 727,794
Academic support 158,305 N/A 158,305
Total 3,375,375 874,314 4,249,689

3.2.4 Institutional Costs – Central Oversight

Institutional costs with central oversight are costs that cannot be directly attributed to any one unit. These costs are reviewed centrally for any changes that may cause the cost to increase or decrease.

Institutional Costs – Central Oversight
Revenue/Expense Description Base OTO Total
Revenue Bank interest income 205,000 0 205,500
Revenue Senior citizens tuition waivers -50,000 0 -50,000
Revenue total N/A 155,000 0 155,000
Expense Central memberships 240,000 0 240,000
Expense Special pension arrangements 47,022 0 47,022
Expense Institutional reserve (insurance) 50,000 0 50,000
Expense Institutional reserve (security) 120,000 0 120,000
Expense 202 Regina renovation (post Schlegel/Peters move) 0 1,500,000 1,500,000
Expense Contingency top-up* 297,954 0 297,976
Expense total N/A 754,976 1,500,000 2,254,976
N/A Grand total 599,976 1,500,000 2,099,976

*To bring contingency back up to $3 million, which reflects a modest 1% of the University Budget.

3.2.5 RCM Transition

As part of the RCM transition plan, for 2018/19, 15% of the surplus is returned to the Faculty. If the Faculty’s surplus is more than $3.0 million or 10% of revenue, the surplus is returned in base funds; otherwise it is returned in one-time only funds.

The below table outlines the 2018/19 Faculty surpluses and returned surplus (15%):

Returned Surplus Details

Initial 2018/19

% of Revenue Returned Surplus
Lazaridis 6,140,016 6.76% 921,002
Education 164,833 4.91% 24,725
HSS 1,744,167 9.96% 261,625
Science 5,568,699 7.94% 835,305
Total 13,617,715 N/A 2,042,657

Faculties can use their returned surplus to supplement their planned 2018/19 direct costs, and in turn, advance their strategic priorities. The following table indicates the RCM transition details by cost category.

RCM Transition Details by Category
Category Description Base OTO Total
Salary and benefit expenses Full/part-time faculty costs 206,000 248,036 454,036
Salary and benefit expenses Full/part-time staff costs 584,720 N/A 584,720
Salary and benefit expenses Statutory and fringe benefits 166,053 38,314 204,367
Salary and benefit expenses total N/A 956,773 286,350 1,243,123
Non-salary expenses Scholarships and bursaries 52,867 N/A 52,867
Non-salary expenses Supplies and general expense 381,668 N/A 381,668
Non-salary expenses Travel expenses 10,000 N/A 10,000
Non-salary expenses Capital and deferred maintenance 200,000 N/A 200,000
Non-salary expenses Equipment/operating renewal 155,000 N/A 155,000
Non-salary expenses total N/A 799,535 N/A 799,535
Returned surplus total N/A 1,756,308 286,350 2,042,658
Less: targets Full/part-time faculty costs -390,058 N/A -390,058
Less: targets Statutory and fringe benefits -81,912 N/A -81,912
Less: targets total N/A -471,970 N/A -471,970
RCM Transition N/A 1,284,338 286,350 1,570,688

3.2.6 Commentary to 2018/19 Budget by Expense

This section will provide detailed commentary to the 2018/19 Budget including review of the major drivers influencing the expenditure assumptions. Further, it provides explanation and highlights the major variances to expenditures as noted in the Operating Budget table for 2018/19 as compared to the 2017/18 Budget.

The following provides a comprehensive review of each major component of University Operating Budget expenses and the factors increasing and decreasing over the previous year that result in this overall increase.

Salary and Benefit Expenses

Salaries and benefits for faculty and staff (full- and part-time) make up the largest portion of the University’s operating expenditure budget ($225 million or 75%).

The total faculty and staff salaries and benefits budget is comprised of the many salary groups. The following information depicts the composition of the labour and salary groups making up the total salary costs.

  • WLUFA (full-time) 50%
  • WLUSA 20%
  • Management 12%
  • Groups less than 6%
    • CUPE 3%
    • WLUFA (part-time) 6%
    • Other academic staff 3%
    • Other staff 2%
    • Special constable 1%
    • Brantford staff 3%

The salary and benefit assumptions continue to reflect that increases will continue, as per previous years’ experience. The salaries & benefits increases for 2018/19 over the previous year of $8,015,000, or 4%, is a result of the following major salary and benefit related budget components:

Full/Part Time Faculty Costs – Increase of $1,994,000

Compensation increases driven by collective agreements are the largest cost driver of this budget category. The following changes also contributed to the year-over-year change:

Full/Part Time Staff Costs – Increase of $4,041,000

Increases from known and expected salary rate increases as per collective agreements are the largest cost driver of this budget category. The following changes also contributed to the year-over-year change:

Statutory and Fringe Benefits – Increase of $1,292,000

This amount is based on the current and projected increase in the faculty and staff complement. This budget is estimated on an average percentage rate. Contributors to the increase also include the strategic investments that impacted faculty and staff positions.

Pension Plan: Current Service Costs and Pension Plan Deficiency – Increase of $491,000

The Current Service Cost is set by the Actuary based on the results of the Plan valuation and is intended to cover the cost of benefits earned by Pension Plan members for the coming year. The Current Service Cost is calculated as a percentage of pensionable salary.

In addition to Current Service Costs, the University must pay for any unfunded deficits that have occurred in the Plan. Pension Plan deficiencies are calculated by the Actuary at the time of the Plan’s formal Valuation, which, in Laurier’s case, was done as at April 30, 2017. There are two calculations, both reflecting the funded status of the Plan at a point in time. The Going Concern valuation provides an assessment of the Plan’s financial position at the valuation date on the premise the Plan continues into the future indefinitely. Based on the current funding framework, Going Concern Deficits must be amortized over a period not to exceed 15 years. Laurier’s Going Concern Deficit as at April 30, 2017 is $29.6 million. The Solvency valuation is intended to provide an assessment of the Plan’s financial position at the valuation date on the premise that certain obligations as prescribed by the act are settled on the valuation date for all members should the Plan wind up. The Actuary must comply with more restrictive assumptions and methodologies when performing this calculation. Laurier’s last Valuation showed a Solvency Deficit of $35.8 million.

Based on the actuarial calculations, the University made a special annual payment of $3.6 million in 2017/18 and is required to make payments of $6.3 million each year thereafter to fund the deficit.

Pension costs are escalating internationally and Canadian employers, including universities, are challenged to meet the true cost of providing these benefits. Laurier is no different and steps have been taken to mitigate the high cost escalation through Plan design changes such as increased contributions. The 2018/19 Budget contains provision of $6.3 million (2017/18: $5.8 million) in Going Concern Deficit special payments and Current Service Costs of $18.0 million (2017/18: $18.0 million).

Retirees, Maternity, Tuition Exemptions – Increase of $198,000

The Special Pension Arrangement budget increased by $148,000 based on employees currently remaining in the program and $50,000 was added to maternity benefits based on actual experience. 

Non-Salary Expenses

This category, which includes a number of non-salary budgets, increased by $7.5 million year-over-year. The following explains the main cost category changes:

Equipment/Software – Increase of $624,000

The largest change was an increase to ICT Hardware/Software maintenance of $708,000 (Institutional Cost-Unit) and $77,000 investment for the Banner Roadmap initiative. Foreign exchange resulted in a year-over-year increase to ICT software maintenance contracts of $52,000. Offsetting this overall increase is budget reallocations of approximately $200,000 to align with expected spend.

Library Acquisitions – Decrease of $13,000

In the library, a significant portion of the E-resources and serials are acquired in US currency. Each year, the foreign exchange is reviewed and a corresponding adjustment is made. For 2018/19, the rate of $0.80 USD/$1.00 CAD was used versus $0.74 USD/$1.00 CAD in 2017/18. The improvement of the rate assumption accounts for $134,000 of the change year-over-year. Offsetting the improvement is an additional inflation adjustment of 5% on E-Resources accounting for $158,000.

Scholarship and Bursaries – Increase of $1,228,000

An increase of $883,000 reflects the number of undergraduate students who qualified for a merit-based scholarship. There were no changes to the merit based scholarship grid. An additional $325,000 for graduate scholarships was added based on the forecasted increase in graduate enrolment for 2018/19.

Travel Expenses – Decrease of $210,000

This decrease is a result of aligning budget with expected spending.

Facility Rentals/Occupancy Costs – Increase of $116,000

Annual rent increases on leased properties for 255 King Street, 45 Lodge Street and Balsillie account for this increase. Planned consolidation of administrative space at 202 Regina will reduce reliance on external leased premises yielding future year savings of approximately $715,000 of base budget which can be repurposed.

Supplies and General Expense – Increase of $5,526,000

This category includes a multitude of account categories across all units within the University and had a 37% change year-over-year. As part of the departmental request process, $1.5 million OTO was added most notably for recruitment marketing initiatives and Indigenization plan advancement, and Brantford-Laurier YMCA. An additional $732,000 was added as part of the Institutional Cost – Unit oversight process with the YMCA-Athletics being the largest contributor. The 202 Regina renovation at an anticipated cost of $1.5 million OTO will consolidate administrative space post-Schlegel and Peters buildings renovations. Lastly, incremental to last year is a $1.1 million investment in the Faculty-supported initiatives and programs relating to Keypath, Policing, Game Design and Master of Public Safety. Budget reallocations from other categories account for the small remaining balance.

Capital and Deferred Maintenance – Decrease of $317,000

The major change is the Faculty-led construction and renovation of $200,000 relating to Northdale and the installation of OneCard access for the Faculty of Science. Offsetting this increase is the completion of the 2017/18 OTO direct teaching cost of $400,000 that was incurred for the construction of a new teaching space in Brantford and other budget reallocations occurring throughout the year.

Equipment/Operating Renewal – Increase of $544,000

An increase of $514,000 resulted from the Institutional Cost – unit oversight process where it was determined additional funding was required for ICT Classroom technology and Infrastructure. The Faculty of Science estimates $155,000 of their returned surplus will be invested in their equipment renewal plans. Offsetting this increase in equipment renewal is reallocations to align with expected spend.

Utilities, Insurance and Taxes – Decrease of $15,000

In 2017/18, an Insurance Office was established under the direction of the AVP: Campus Operations & Risk Management. The Insurance Office purchases all insurance and manages claims for the University, with the exception of employee benefit insurance and student benefit insurance. The small change in this category reflects reallocations of non-insurance costs to other cost categories. There was no change to utilities or taxes year-over-year.

Contingency – No Change

Contingency is maintained at $3.0 million which reflects a modest 1% of the University Budget.

Institutional Reserve – Increase of $50,000

In 2018/19 an institutional reserve was set up for the annual premium cost of a Cyber Security insurance policy.

2018/19 Expense Budget by Unit

The following tables summarize the "expense only" Operating Budget by Faculty, Shared Service and Institutional – Central Oversight categories.

2018/19 Expense Budget by Unit (in 000's): Faculties


Change % Change
Faculty of Arts 38,094 38,045 -49 -0.1%
Faculty of Education 1,799 1,769 -30 -1.7%
Faculty of Human and Social Sciences 6,986 8,409 1,423 20.4%
Faculty of Liberal Arts 8,365 8,454 88 1.1%
Lazaridis School of Business and Economics 41,560 44,733 3,173 7.6%
Faculty of Music 8,068 8,001 -67 -0.8%
Faculty of Science 31,670 33,599 1,929 6.1%
Faculty of Social Work 7,870 8,239 369 4.7%
SIPG 1,648 1,529 -119 -7.2%
Total Faculties (after RCM Transition) 146,060 152,778 6,717 4.6%
2018/19 Expense Budget by Unit (in 000's): Shared Service
Office Shared Service Budget 
Change % Change
President Office of the President 1,047 1,311 264 25.2%
President Dispute Resolution 277 179 -98 -35.3%
President General Counsel 786 892 106 13.5%
President University Secretariat 587 574 -13 -2.2%
President Office of Indigenous Initiatives 259 763 504 195.0%
President President Office Total 2,955 3,719 1,435 25.8%
Provost and VP: Academic Centre for Teaching Innovation and Excellence 2,404 2,333 -71 -3.0%
Provost and VP: Academic Enrolment Services 9,803 10,154 351 3.6%
Provost and VP: Academic Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies 879 857 -21 -2.4%
Provost and VP: Academic Global Engagement 1,848 1,941 93 5.0%
Provost and VP: Academic ICT 11,562 13,221 1,659 14.4%
Provost and VP: Academic Institutional Research 833 948 115 13.8%
Provost and VP: Academic Library 11,494 11,096 -398 -3.5%
Provost and VP: Academic Press 915 918 2 0.3%
Provost and VP: Academic Provost's Office / Faculty Relations 10,089 10,039 -50 -0.5%
Provost and VP: Academic Scholarships and Bursaries 8,137 7,893 -244 -3.0%
Provost and VP: Academic Provost and VP: Academic Office Total 57,965 59,401 1,435 2.5%
VP: Finance and Administration Financial Resources 5,609 5,598 -11 -0.2%
VP: Finance and Administration Human Resources and Employee Benefits 9,436 9,842 406 4.3%
VP: Finance and Administration Facilities and Asset Management 21,752 22,005 253 1.2%
VP: Finance and Administration Campus Operations and Risk Management 5,088 6,382 1,294 25.4%
VP: Finance and Administration Office of the VP Finance and Administration 1,354 1,050 -304 -22.4%
VP: Finance and Administration VP: Finance and Administration Office Total 43,239 44,877 1,638 3.8%
SEO – Brantford SEO's Office 777 617 -160 -20.6%
SEO – Brantford Communication, Public Affairs and Marketing 3,334 3,780 446 13.4%
SEO – Brantford Government Relations 197 212 15 7.6%
SEO – Brantford University Relations 936 956 20 2.2%
SEO – Brantford SEO – Brantford Office Total 5,244 5,566 322 6.1%
VP – Development Development and Alumni Affairs 4,103 4,978 875 21.3%
VP – Development VP – Development Total 4,103 4,978 875 21.3%
VP – Research Research 2,313 2,364 51 2.2%
VP – Research VP – Research Total 2,313 2,364 51 2.2%
VP – Student Affairs Athletics 4,916 5,677 761 15.5%
VP – Student Affairs Student Services 12,340 13,542 1,202 9.7%
VP – Student Affairs VP – Student Affairs Office Total 17,255 19,219 1,963 11.4%
N/A Total Shared Services 133,074 140,122 7,048 5.3%
2018/19 Expense Budget by Unit Calculations in 000's
Totals Budget
Change % Change
Total faculties (after RCM transition) 146,060 152,778 6,717 4.6%
Total shared services 133,074 140,122 7,048 5.3%
Total institutional – central oversight 12,598 13,320 721 5.7%
Less: Cost recoveries -6,257 -5,194 -1,062 N/A
Total expenses 285,476 301,025 15,549 5.1%

3.3 Budget by Faculty

The following table summarizes the Faculty allocation under the RCM Budget model. Overall, Faculty bottom-line positions are ($7.2) million after the University Fund contribution of $22.0 million. The transition plan detail in its second year is shown below.

2018/19 Budget by Faculty (in 000's)
Description Arts Lazaridis Education HSS Liberal
Music SIPG Science Social
Tuition and grant revenue 62,898 89,061 3,207 17,493 14,150 7,557 1,265 69,617 10,751 275,999
Non-tuition and grant revenue 1,109 1,709 151 25 64 197 183 545 264 4,246
Total revenue 64,007 90,770 3,358 17,518 14,214 7,754 1,448 70,162 11,015 280,245
Direct costs 38,263 43,812 1,744 8,147 8,592 8,116 1,529 32,764 8,239 151,207
Contribution margin 25,744 46,958 1,613 9,371 5,622 (363) (81) 37,398 2,776 129,039
Shared service allocation 27,855 33,693 1,192 6,227 6,600 4,989 1,935 26,260 5,373 114,124
University fund revenue
assessment (8%)
5,032 7,125 257 1,399 1,132 605 101 5,569 860 22,080
Bottom-line position (7,143) 6,140 165 1,744 (2,110) (5,956) (2,117) 5,569 (3,457) 7,165
Transition Plan Arts Lazaridis Education HSS Liberal
Music SIPG Science Social
Initial surplus to
university fund
N/A (6,140) (165) (1,744) N/A N/A N/A (5,569) N/A (13,618)
Returned surplus at 15% N/A 921 25 262 N/A N/A N/A 835 N/A 2,043
Subvention funding 6,924 N/A N/A N/A 1,971 5,841 2,117 N/A 3,457 20,311
Budget target 218 N/A N/A N/A 139 115 N/A N/A N/A 472
Final faculty bottom-line
(0) 921 25 262 (0) (0) 0 835 0 2,043

Note: School of International Policy and Governance (SIPG) full-time faculty costs are reflected in the direct costs of the cross-appointed Faculty (Arts = $1.2 million; Lazaridis School = $0.46 million).

The following chart shows both the contribution margin and bottom line position of each of the Faculties. With the exception of Music and SIPG, all of the Faculties are able to cover their direct costs.

3.3.1 Shared Service Allocation

Shared Services include both the departmental revenue (e.g. Comprehensive Student Service Fee) and costs of administrative units (e.g. salaries, operating costs) as well as the costs for the Institutional-level supports each oversees (Institutional costs – Unit oversight).

Shared Services are grouped into cost pools. Shared Services within the same cost pool generally have a similar cost driver. A cost driver is a countable unit whose increase or decrease can lead to a change in costs (e.g. the cost of Student Services can be linked to the number of students).

A complete listing of the administrative units included in each cost pool and the associated cost driver information can be found in Appendix II: Cost Driver Detailed Information.

Shared Service Allocation
Cost Pool Departmental Institutional:
Unit Oversight
Grand Total
Central Support Services 22,125,637 1,338,340 24,463,977
Development and Alumni 3,878,556 - 3,878,556
Faculty, Staff and Student Services 20,258,104 16,646,082 36,904,186
Occupancy 16,002,364 9,212,873 25,215,237
Research Support 1,300,545 - 1,300,545
Scholarships and Bursaries 197,477 7,531,289 7,728,766
Student Support 15,632,866 - 15,632,866
Grand Total 79,395,549 34,728,584 114,124,133

The chart below illustrates the shared service allocation by Faculty using the cost driver methodology: Science (23%), Social Work (5%), Arts (24%), Lazaridis (30%), Education (1%), HSS (5%), Liberal Arts (6%), Music (4%), and SIPG (2%).

3.3.2 Transition Plan

The transition plan outlines how, over a five year period, Faculties will transition from their historical budget allocation to an RCM allocation informed by their revenue. In particular, the transition plan outlines how Faculty surpluses and subventions will be administered over the five years. Conceptually, the increase in the amount of surplus returned to Faculties each year is offset by a reduction in subvention. The University Fund Contribution percentage was modelled by taking into consideration that over five years some Faculties, while moving closer to a balanced position, may need to be considered for a more permanent subvention. The University Fund Contribution is reviewed by the Budget Committee annually.

Faculty Surplus

A positive bottom line position indicates a Faculty surplus. A positive bottom line position occurs when the revenue from tuition, grant and other sources exceeds a Faculty’s direct costs, University Fund contribution and shared service allocation. Initially all Faculty surpluses are returned to the University Fund.

For 2018/19, 15% of the surplus is returned to the Faculty. This percentage is intended to increase each of the five years indicated in Figure 2: Proposed Surplus Holdback Schedule. If the Faculty’s surplus is more than $3.0 million or 10% of revenue, the surplus is returned in base funds; otherwise it is returned in one-time-only funds.

Faculty Subvention

A negative bottom line position indicates a Faculty deficit. A negative bottom line position occurs when the revenue from tuition, grant and other sources is less than a Faculty’s direct costs, University Fund contribution and Shared Service allocation. Faculty deficits are typically balanced through a combination of budget targets and subventions. Subventions were determined by the acting Vice-President: Academic in consultation with each Faculty.

For 2018/19, Faculty subventions and surplus returned are as follows:

RCM Transition Plan Details
Faculty Subvention
Returned (15%)
Arts 6,924,414
Lazaridis -6,140,016 921,002
Education -164,833 24,725
HSS -1,744,167 261,625
Liberal Arts 1,971,488
Music 5,841,151
SIPG 2,116,987
Science -5,568,699 835,305
Social Work 3,457,102
Total 20,311,141 -13,617,715 2,042,657
Less: Targets -471,970
RCM Transition 20,311,141 -13,617,715 1,570,687

3.3.3 University Fund

The University Fund (UF) summarizes at a high level the institutional budgetary position after all Faculty subventions and surpluses have been calculated. The balance of the University Fund is reflected in Table 6 as the institutional surplus/(deficit).


  • University fund contribution (8%): $22.1
  • Un-attributable revenue: $4.5
  • Faculty surplus: $13.6
  • Total: $40.2


  • Institutional costs: $13.9
  • Strategic funds: $4.5
  • Faculty subventions: $20.3
  • Faculty – surplus holdback returned (15%): $2.0
  • Total: $40.7

Buget surplus/(deficit): ($0.49) (Note: inflows total minus outflows total).

The largest inflow into the UF is the University Fund Contribution of 8% of the Faculty tuition and grant revenue. The un-attributable revenue is made up of revenue that is not directly attributable to one area, such as interest revenue. The $13.6 million is the full surplus total from the Faculties that is initially returned to the UF.

Institutional costs are funded through the UF and include contingency, debt service and other costs with central oversight. The strategic funds fund the departmental requests, as detailed in Section 3.2.2 Departmental Requests. The remaining outflows from the UF are the returned surplus (15% in 2018/19) to the four Faculties with a positive bottom line position and the subvention funds for those Faculties with a negative bottom line position. Together, the subvention funding and targets bring those Faculties to a balanced position for 2018/19.