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Being a Golden Hawk means more than just cheering on our (really good) varsity teams – it means being a student who cares about your community, who works hard in the classroom, and who takes advantage of all the learning opportunities that can happen outside the classroom, too.


Vision

Research at the Wilfrid Laurier Group Dynamics in Physical Activity Laboratory is currently aimed at enhancing our understanding of group and social influences on cognitive, behavioural, and affective factors related to physical activity in group contexts. 

Specific Objectives

Our specific objectives are to understand:

  1. How physical activity group membership influences individual cognition, affect, and behaviour.
  2. What makes groups effective in terms of achieving their task and social objectives.
  3. How to apply this knowledge to promote physical activity behaviour through group membership.

Overview of Current Research

Theme A: Cohesion in Physical Activity Groups

Cohesion: "A dynamic process that is reflected in the tendencies for a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of its instrumental and/or for the satisfaction of member affective needs" (Carron et al., 1998, p.313).

Previous research with adults demonstrated strong positive relationships between perceptions of group cohesion and (a) performance (Carron et al., 2002), (b) exercise adherence rates (Spink & Carron, 1994), and (c) actual return to sport teams (Spink, 2010).

Current and previous work focuses on further understanding the antecedents and consequences of cohesion in phsyical activity groups as well as examining conceptual and measurement issues surrounding the concept.

Current Projects

"Youth participation in physical activity: Effects of group and peer influences"

(Principal Investigator: Mark Eys, Ministry of Innovation ERA grant)

"Cohesion in independent sport and exercise environments"

(Blair Evans, Ph.D student)

Theme B: Role Perceptions in Sport

Roles = structural component of groups that represent the patterns of behaviour expected of an individual in a social situation.

Previous research has demonstrated links between role perceptions and (a) task cohesion (Eys & Carron, 2001), (b) intentions to return to one's team (Eys et al., 2005), and (c) athlete satisfaction (Eys et al., 2003).

Current work focuses on extending previous results pertaining to perceptions of role ambiguity and initiating examinations of role acceptance and role satisfaction.

Current Projects

"Socialization strategies used in sport teams"

(Alex Benson, PhD. student)

"Athletes' perceptions of role satisfaction"

(Mark Surya, PhD. student)

Upcoming Events

There are no upcoming events at this time.

Roster

Head Coach: Mark Eys

Mark Eys (Ph.D.) is an Associate Professor in the Departments of Kinesiology/Physical Education and Psychology at Wilfrid Laurier University, and a Canada Research Chair (Tier II) in Group Dynamics and Physical Activity. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Waterloo and his Master’s and Ph.D from The University of Western Ontario. From 2004-2009, he was a faculty member in the School of Human Kinetics at Laurentian University. His current research interests include role ambiguity and acceptance in sport and exercise groups, the measurement and correlates of cohesion, and social influences in exercise.

Mark’s research related to cohesion in youth physical activity groups was supported by a three year standard research grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (2005-2008) and continues with support through Ontario’s Ministry of Research and Innovation Early Researcher Award program (2007-2012). He has published his research in the Journal of Sports Sciences, International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, and Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, as a co-author of the book Group Dynamics in Sport (2005; Fitness Information Technology), and as a co-editor of Group Dynamics in Exercise and Sport Psychology: Contemporary Themes (2007; Routledge). In 2001, he was awarded the Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) Coach of the Year for his work with The University of Western Ontario women’s soccer program.

Current Players

Mark Surya (4th Year PhD)

Mark is a 4th year PhD student hailing from the town of Burlington, Ontario. He received a bachelor's degree in kinesiology from Queen's University and completed his Master's of Science here at Wilfrid Laurier University. Mark's research interests are in the multi-dimensionality of satisfaction as it relates to roles. He is currently investigating athletes' perceptions of role satisfaction, and is in the process of developing a measurement tool/questionnaire. Mark has also worked with Dr. Jean Cote's Performance Lab for the Advancement of Youth in Sport. He has examined the influence of birthplace on the development of elite level athletes. Outside of academia, Mark enjoys playing a multitude of sports. In his spare time Mark enjoys playing board games with his friends and family, despite losing regularly, and spending time with his family dog Marvin.

Contact: sury7600@mylaurier.ca

Michael Godfrey (1st Year PhD)

Michael is a first year doctoral student in the department of Kinesiology and Physical Education. Originally from the small town of Wallacetown, Ontario, Michael completed his undergraduate degree in Human Kinetics at the University of Windsor where his undergraduate thesis focused on the home advantage in overtime in NBA basketball. Michael's current research interest include role acceptance and ethnic identity and sport. In his spare time, Michael enjoys playing basketball, camping and spending time with family and friends.

Email: godf3150@mylaurier.ca

Jeemin Kim (2nd Year PhD)

Jeemin is a second year Ph.D. student in the Kinesiology program. Originally from the peaceful town of Oakville, Ontario, he earned a Bachelor’s degree in Biology and Psychology from McMaster University, and went on to complete his Master’s degree in Sport Psychology at McGill University with Dr. Gordon Bloom. His current research interests are in the dynamics of role developments in sport teams. More specifically, his dissertation will mainly examine the antecedents and consequences of informal roles in interdependent sport teams. Outside academia, he has been a die-hard baseball/Blue Jays fan for over a decade (NOT since 2015) and likes to watch, talk about, think about, and read about baseball/Blue Jays. He also likes to play badminton and softball, and relax with family and friends.

Brennan Petersen (2nd Year Master of Kinesiology)

Brennan is a first year Master of Kinesiology student from Winnipeg, Manitoba. He completed his undergraduate degree in Psychology at the University of Manitoba, wherein his thesis focused on the effects of study time and teaching method on participant performance in Discrete-Trials Teaching. Brennan also worked with Dr. Melanie Gregg at the University of Winnipeg on a study with a focus on athlete's reactions to stress and the effects of biofeedback training. His current research interests involve the consequences of role conflict as they relate to formal and informal sport team roles. In his spare time, Brennan is an avid hockey fan and enjoys being with family and friends.

Alumni

Alex Benson

Alex examined group member integration for both newcomers and veterans in a university team sport environment. He completed his PhD in Psychology in 2016, for which he was the recipient of the Gold Medal for Academic Excellence. He is currently completing a SSHRC-funded post-doctoral fellowship at Nipissing University, where he is a part of the Group Dynamics and Youth Development through Sport and Physical Activity Laboratory.

Blair Evans

Blair explored group dynamics within individual sports teams as his dissertation, and completed his PhD in Psychology in 2014, for which he received the Gold Medal for the Faculty of Science. He is currently an assistant professor at Penn State University.

Amy Cubitt

Amy completed her Master's thesis in the summer of 2015. Her research involved youth competitive athletes and investigated athlete leaders’ use of transformational behaviours and its effect on trust in the leader.

Pavol Siska

Pavol was a visiting research from Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. He is a 4th year PhD student and has since gone back to finish his thesis under the supervision of professor Pavel Slepicka.

Colin McLaren

Colin completed his Master's of Science in 2013 and is currently a PhD student at Saskatchewan.

Robyn Murray

Robyn completed her Master of Science in 2013 and is now pursuing a career in physiotherapy.

Eryn Jewitt

Eryn completed her Master of Science in 2011 and is currently an Exercise Specialist for the Canadian Armed Forces in Comox, BC.

Svenja Wolf

Svenja was a visiting researcher from the German Sport University Cologne, where she earned her Academic Diploma in Sport Science in 2009 and has been enrolled in the PhD program, supervised by Dr. Jens Kleinert since fall 2009.

Past Research

Role Related Research

Cope, C. J., Eys, M. A., Schinke, R. J., & Bosselut, G. (2010). Coaches' perspectives of a negative informal role: The ‘Cancer’ within sport teams. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22, 420-436.

Bosselut, G., Heuzé, J., & Eys, M. A. (2009). Ambiguïté du rôle au sein des équipes sportives. Science & Motricité, 66, 33-60.

Cunningham, I., & Eys, M. A. (2007). Role ambiguity and intra-team communication in interdependent sport teams. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 2220-2237.

Beauchamp, M. R., Bray, S. R., Eys, M. A., & Carron, A. V. (2005). Leadership behaviors and multidimensional role ambiguity perceptions in team sports. Small Group Research, 36(1), 5-20.

Beauchamp, M. R., Bray, S. R., Eys, M. A., & Carron, A. V. (2005). Multidimensional role ambiguity and role satisfaction: A prospective examination using interdependent sport teams. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35, 2560-2576.

Beauchamp, M. R., Bray, S. R., , Fielding, A., & Eys, M. A. (2005). A multilevel investigation of the relationship between role ambiguity and role efficacy in sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 6, 289-302.

Bray, S. R., Beauchamp, M.R., Eys, M. A., & Carron, A. V. (2005). Need for clarity as a moderator of the role ambiguity – satisfaction relationship. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17, 306-318.

Eys, M. A., Carron, A. V., Beauchamp, M. R., & Bray, S. R. (2005). Athletes’ perceptions of the sources of role ambiguity. Small Group Research, 36, 383-403.

Eys, M. A., Carron, A. V., Bray, S. R., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2005). The relationship between role ambiguity and intention to return. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17, 255-261.

Beauchamp, M.R., Bray, S.R., Eys, M.A. & Carron, A.V. (2003). The effect of role ambiguity on competitive state anxiety. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25(1), 77-92.

Eys, M.A., Carron, A.V., Bray, S. R., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2003). Role ambiguity and athlete satisfaction. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21(5), 391-401.

Eys, M.A., Carron, A.V., Beauchamp, M.R., & Bray, S.R. (2003). Role ambiguity in sport teams. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25(4), 534-550.

Beauchamp, M.R., Bray, S.R., Eys, M.A., & Carron, A.V. (2002). Role ambiguity, role efficacy, and role performance: Multidimensional and mediational relationships within interdependent sport teams. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 6(3), 229-242

Eys,M.A. & Carron, A.V. (2001). Role ambiguity, task cohesion, and task self-efficacy. Small Group Research, 32 (3), 356-372.

Cohesion Research

Bosselut, G., McLaren, C. D., Eys, M. A., & Heuzê, J. P. (2012). Reciprocity of the relationship between role ambiguity and group cohesion in youth interdependent sport teams. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 341-348.

Jeffer-Tosoni, S. M., Eys, M. A., Schinke, R. J. & Lewko, J. (2011). Youth sport status and perceptions of satsifaction and cohesion. Journal of Sport Behavior, 34, 150-159.

Martin, L. J., Carron, A. V., Eys, M. A., & Loughead, T. M. (2011). Children’s perceptions of cohesion. Sport and Exercise Psychology Review, 7, 11-24

Eys, M. A., Loughead, T. M., Bray, S. R., & Carron, A. V. (2009). Development of a cohesion questionnaire for youth: The Youth Sport Environment Questionnaire. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 31, 390-408.

Eys, M. A., Carron, A. V., Bray, S. R., & Brawley, L. R. (2007). Item wording and internal consistency of a measure of cohesion: The Group Environment Questionnaire. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29, 395-402.

Hardy, J., Eys, M. A., & Carron, A. V. (2005). Exploring the potential disadvantages of high team cohesion. Small Group Research, 36, 166-187.

Carron, A. V., Brawley, L. R., Bray, S. R., Eys, M.A., Dorsch, K., Estabrooks, P., Hall, C. R., Hardy, J., Hausenblas, H., Madison, R., Paskevich, D., Patterson, M. M., Prapavessis, H., Spink, K. S., & Terry, P. C. (2004). Using consensus as a criterion for groupness: Implications for the cohesion-group success relationship. Small Group Research, 35, 466-491.

Carron, A. V., Brawley, L. R., Eys, M. A., Bray, S. R., Dorsch, K., Estabrooks, P., Hall, C. R., Hardy, J., Hausenblas, H., Madision, R., Paskevich, D., Patterson, M. M., Prapavessis, H., Spink, K. S., & Terry, P. C. (2003). Do individual perceptions of group cohesion reflect shared beliefs? An empirical analysis. Small Group Research, 34, 468-496.

Eys, M.A., Hardy, J.T., Carron, A.V., & Beauchamp, M.R. (2003). The relationship between task cohesion and competitive state anxiety. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25(1), 66-76.

Carron, A.V., Bray, S.R., & Eys, M.A. (2002). Team cohesion and team success in sport. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20, 119-126.

Leadership Research

Eys, M. A., Ritchie, S., Little, J., Slade, H., & Oddson, B. (2008). Leadership status congruency and cohesion in outdoor expedition groups. Journal of Experiential Education, 31, 78-94.

Eys, M. A., Loughead, T. M., & Hardy, J. (2007). Athlete leadership dispersion and satisfaction in interactive sport teams. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 281-296.

Loughead, T. M., Hardy, J., & Eys, M. A. (2006). The nature of athlete leadership. Journal of Sport Behavior, 29, 142-158.

Beauchamp, M. R., Bray, S. R., Eys, M. A., & Carron, A. V. (2005). Leadership behaviors and multidimensional role ambiguity perceptions in team sports. Small Group Research, 36(1), 5-20.

Promotion of Physical Activity and Health Research

Macdonald, D. J., Côte, J., Eys, M. A., & Deakin, J. (2012). Psychometric properties of the youth experience survey with young athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 332-340.

MacDonald, D., Côté, J., Eys, M. A., & Deakin, J. (2011). The role of enjoyment and motivational climate in relation to the personal development of team sport athletes. The Sport Psychologist, 25, 32-46.

Schinke, R. J., Yungblut, H. E., Blodgett, A., Eys, M. A., Peltier, D., Ritchie, S., & Recollet-Saikkonen, D. (2010). The role of families in youth sport programming in a Canadian Aboriginal Reserve. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7, 156-166.

Schinke, R. J., Blodgett, A. T., Yungblut, H. E., Eys, M. A., Battochio, R. C., Wabano, M. J., Peltier, D., Ritchie, S., Pickard, P., & Recollet-Saikonnen, D. (2010). The Adaptation Challenges and Strategies of Adolescent Aboriginal Athletes Competing Off Reserve. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 34, 438-456.

Burke, S. M., Carron, A. V., Eys, M. A., Ntoumanis, N., & Estabrooks, P. A. (2006). Group versus individual approach? A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of interventions to promote physical activity. Sport and Exercise Psychology Review, 1, 19-35.

Burke, S. M., Carron, A. V., & Eys, M. A. (2006). Physical activity context: Preferences of university students. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 7, 1-13.

Burke, S. M., Carron, A. V., & Eys, M. A. (2005). Physical activity context and university students propensity to meet the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/American College of Sports Medicine Guidelines. Medical Science Monitor, 11(4), CR171-

Other Research

Coholic, D. Eys, M. A., & Lougheed, S. (2011). Investigating the effectiveness of an arts-based and mindfulness-based group program for the improvement of resilience in children in need. Journal of Child and Family Studies.

Dubuc, N. G., Shinke, R. J., Eys, M. A., Zaichkowsky, L., Battochio, R., & Wilkinson, D. (2010). Experiences of burnout among adolescent female gymnasts: Three case studies. Journal of Clinical Sport Pyschology, 4, 1-18.

Blodgett, A. T., Schinke, R. J., Peltier, D., Wabano, M., Fisher, L. A., Eys, M. A., Ritchie, S. D., Recollet-Saikkonen, D., & Pheasant, C. (2010). Naadmaadmi: Reflections of Aboriginal community members engaged in sport psychology co-researching activities with mainstream academics. Qualitative Research in Sport and Exericse, 2, 56-76.

Schinke, R. J., Yungblut, H. E., Blodgett, A., Eys, M. A., Peltier, D., Ritchie, S., & Recollet-Saikkonen, D. (2010). The role of families in youth sport programming in a Canadian Aboriginal Reserve. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7, 156-166.

Battochio, R. C., Schinke, R. J., Battochio, D. L., Eys, M. A., Halliwell, W., & Tenenbaum, G. (2009). The challenges of Canadian ice- hockey players in the National Hockey League. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 3, 337-356.

Schinke, R. J., Peltier, D., Hanrahan, S., Eys, M. A., Recollet-Saikkonen, D., Yungblut, H., et al. (2009). The progressive integration of Canadian Indigenous culture within a sport psychology bicultural research team. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7, 309-322.

Schulte-Hostedde, A. I., Eys, M. A., & Johnson, K. (2008). Female mate choice is influenced by male sport participation. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 113-124.

Schinke, R. J., Hanrahan, S., Eys, M. A., Blodgett, A., Peltier, D., Ritchie, S., Pheasant, C., & Enosse, L. (2008). The development of cross-cultural relations with a Canadian Aboriginal community through sport research. Quest, 60, 357-369.

Group Dynamics and Physical Activity Laboratory

Mark Eys, Professor Kinesiology and Physical Education; CRC Tier II Chair

E: meys@wlu.ca
T: 519.884.0710 x4157

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