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Wilfrid Laurier University Faculty of Education
April 20, 2014
Canadian Excellence


Lesson Plans/ Activities


Traditional Inuit Games (Athropolis - News from the Arctic)

North American Indigenous Games (Activities/Lessons/history)

North American Indian & First Nation Games (Elliott Avedon Virtual Museum of Games)

The Ojibway Moccasin Game (Seven Generations Education Institute)

Native American Games (Mississippi Valley Archeology Centre)      


Saskatchewan's Schools: This resource was created to provide instructional ideas in a ready-to-use lesson format for Kindergarten to Grade 12 Social Studies. Saskatchewan Learning’s initiative in web-based learning provided the impetus to extend this resource offering beyond the borders of the Regina Public School Division.
The lessons and activities are organized under 6 themes: Diversity (in general as well as the diversity among Indigenous peoples); Treaties; Governance; the Metis; Role Models; and Aboriginal Contributions to Society. Some of the themes, such as Role Models have a lesson theme within the concept theme. Role Models use different variations of posters as an activity in all its lessons; Metis lessons try to incorporate the creation of a quilt to illustrate the theme in each lesson. is a visually stunning audio narrated resource for learning abou Indigenous knowledge and philosophy from five diverse First Nations in Canada.

National Museum of the American Indian: Lessons and activities

WITS Lesson Plans:

Art Lesson Plans:

First Nation Literature in the classroom:

Grade 1

Language: Circle Traditions- Talking Circle.
Students learn the significance of talking circles for Aboriginal people.
They participate in classroom talking circles focused on curriculum-related
issues or other issues relevant to them.

Language: Respect-
Students develop an understanding of the Aboriginal belief in the importance
of respecting oneself, others, and all things.

Language: Treaties-
Students learn that promises come in different forms and that it is important
to keep promises.

Social Studies: Responsibility-
Students learn about how Aboriginal peoples demonstrate responsibility for
themselves, others, and the environment around them. Students make connections
to similar ways in which they demonstrate responsibility.

Social Studies: Respecting Mother Earth-
Students explore Aboriginal and other community perspectives on respect for
the land, and develop a personal connection to protecting the earth.

Social Studies: The things We Need-
Students identify the needs of humans, how these needs are met in different
cultures, and who is involved in meeting these needs.

Grade 2

Social Studies: The Naming Ceremony, Heritage and citizenship, traditions and celebrations

Social Studies: Social Celebrations, Remembrance Day, Heritage and citizenship, traditions and celebrations

Social Studies: Seasonal Traditions, Heritage and citizenship, traditions and celebrations


Grade 3

Social Studies: 7th Generation Stewardship, Canada and World Connections, urban and rural communities

Social Studies: Heritage and Citizenship, early settlements and Upper Canada

Social Studies: Heritage and Citizenship, early settlements and Upper Canada- Food preservation

Social Studies: Heritage and Citizenship, early settlements and Upper Canada- Technology

Grade 4

Language: Media literacy, Comparing Media Texts- Who Says?

Social Studies: Canada and world connections, Canada's provinces, territories, and regions, Exchanges between communities

Social Studies: Canada and world connections, Canada's provinces, territories, and regions- Walking in Someone Else's Shoes

Education, Economy, Security, Culture, Self-Government: Path of Elders web pages

Grade 5

Language: Reading, Writing, Aboriginal Hereos
Wab Kinew's video

Language: Reading- Creation Stories- Where We All Come From

Language: Oral Communication, Stereotypes- Learning to Unlearn

Language: Oral Comminication- Talking Circle

Language: Reading- Creation Stories- Where We All Come From

Language: Oral Communication, Stereotypes- Learning to Unlearn

Language: Oral Comminication- Talking Circle

Path of Elders:

Grade 6

Social Studies: Achievements of Aboriginal People in Canada
Students research the contributions and achievements of Aboriginal people
in Canada.

Social Studies: Current Aboriginal Perspectives
Students invite members of the Aboriginal community into the classroom for
a presentation and/or interview to explore present-day issues facing First
Nation, Métis, and Inuit people.

Social Studies: Different but Similar- Comparing Algonquian and Iroquoian Nations
Students research and compare key social and cultural characteristics of nations within the Algonquian and Iroquoian groups.

Social Studies: Issues Concerning First Nations Today
Students gain an understanding of the treaty-making process and the impact that the treaties made between Aboriginal peoples and the federal government are still having today. They participate in a simulated negotiation of an agreement to share a territory.

Language: Aboriginal Poetry
Students examine a poem written by an Aboriginal poet and prepare and deliver
an oral presentation of the poem.

Path of Elders:

Grade 7

Language: Gestures and Movements in Aboriginal Dances
Students interpret gestures and movements used in Aboriginal dances, verify
their interpretations through research, and create a presentation to show
what they have learned.

Language: Viewpoints in Aboriginal and Mainstream Media
Students analyse and compare Aboriginal and mainstream newspapers to determine the differences in their viewpoints.

History: Cross-Cultural Perspectives
Students examine similarities and differences in culture, values, goals,
and interests within and across Aboriginal, French, and English populations
in New France.

History: Exploring Cultural Differences
Students learn about cultural similarities and differences among Aboriginal groups and between the French and Aboriginal people in New France. They also learn about the impact the similarities and differences had on relations among Aboriginal groups
and between Aboriginal groups and the French.

Path of Elders:

Grade 8

History: Important Aboriginal Women
Students research an Aboriginal woman from the past to learn about her contribution to the lives of Aboriginal women and children.

History: Lives of Métis and First Nation Peoples in Western Canada in the 1890s
Students research and compare how Métis and First Nation peoples lived in western Canada in the last decade of the nineteenth century.

History: The Red River Rebellion
Students explore the roles of key individuals and groups in the Red River Rebellion and the impact of the conflict on the development of western Canada.

History: Treaties 1 to 8
Students research Treaties 1 to 8 and develop an understanding of their impact on the past and present lives of First Nation peoples, and consider what future impact they will have.

History: Treaties and Legislation – Transforming Lifestyles Students examine the seven treaties signed by First Nations in western Canada and the federal government between 1871 and 1877 (Treaties 1 to 7) and the Indian Act of 1876 and compare the lives of First Nation peoples in western Canada before and after the treaties were signed and the legislation came into effect.

Media Literacy: Perspectives in Aboriginal Media
Students analyse and compare the perspectives in Aboriginal media texts.

Path of Elders:

Grade 11


Grade 12


High School

Literature Toolkit <click here>


Truth and Reconcilliation (ReVison Quest, CBC)

Truth and Reconcilliation- Teacher Guide <click here>, Student Activities <click here>