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Huguenots and French Opinion, 1685-1787, The

The Enlightenment Debate on Toleration

Geoffrey Adams

Editions SR Series

 

Hardcover 349 pp.

ISBN13: 978-0-88920-217-7

Release Date: January 1992

$54.95

Hardcover edition is out of print.  

Paper 349 pp.

ISBN13: 978-0-88920-209-2

Release Date: December 1991

Online discount: 25%

$42.95  $32.21

 


   

The decision of Louis XIV to revoke the Edict of Nantes and thus liquidate French Calvinism was well received in the intellectual community which was deeply prejudiced against the Huguenots. This antipathy would gradually disappear. After the death of the Sun King, a more sympathetic view of the Protestant minority was presented to French readers by leading thinkers such as Montesquieu, the abbé Prévost, and Voltaire. By the middle years of the eighteenth century, liberal clerics, lawyers, and government ministers joined Encyclopedists in urging the emancipation of the Reformed who were seen to be loyal, peaceable and productive. Then, in 1787, thanks to intensive lobbying by a group which included Malesherbes, Lafayette, and the future revolutionary Rabaut Saint-Étienne, the government of Louis XVI issued an edict of toleration which granted the Huguenots a modest bill of civil and religious rights.

Adams’ illuminating work treats a major chapter in the history of toleration; it explores in depth a fascinating shift in mentalités, and it offers a new focus on the process of “reform from above” in pre-Revolutionary France.

Geoffrey Adams is a founding member of Scholars’ Circle, a group of retired academics at Concordia University, and author of The Call of Conscience: French Protestant Responses to the Algerian War, 1954-1962 (WLU Press).

Reviews

“... a polished, scholarly study....”

Huguenot Society Proceedings

“Adams does an excellent job sorting out the different motives behind mounting calls for toleration that culminated in the progressive dismantling over the 1700s and 1780s of the civil penalties long imposed on Huguenots and other disenfranchised groups, like the Jews....This fine book would work very well in upper-division and graduate courses on the Enlightenment and religion in early modern Europe.”

Religious Studies Review