Another Look at the Locus of Control-Organizational Commitment Relationship:
It Depends on the Form of Commitment
Daniel F. Coleman, P. Gregory Irving, and Christine L. Cooper
Previous studies imply that individuals with an external locus of control (LOC) are less likely to be committed to their organizations. More recent work on organizational commitment has suggested that commitment is not a unidimensional construct and can take several forms (e.g., affective and continuance). Using a sample of 232 employees of a Canadian governmental agency, we examined the relations between LOC and two different forms of organizational commitment that have been found to have different antecedents and consequences. We found that internal LOC was associated with affective commitment and external LOC was associated with continuance commitment. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
(c) 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. J. Organiz. Behav. 20: 995 - 1001 (1999)