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Wilfrid Laurier University Faculty of Arts
June 30, 2016

Canadian Excellence

Lecture 4

Department of History

HI 210: GERMAN HISTORY, 1648-1871

The Absolutist Territorial States and the Rise of Prussia

1. Introduction: The place of Prussia in Modern German History

2. The Holy Roman Empire after the Peace of Westphalia, 1648
- The Absolutist Territorial States: small, middle, and large
- The prince and his subjects in the Age of Reason
- From patrimonial ruler to the "first servant of the state"

3. The Rise of Prussia and the Frederican Absolutist Military State
- The Hohenzollern and the Princedom of Brandenburg
- From Princedom to Kingdom
- The "Great Elector" (Frederick William, 1640-88)
- Frederich III (I) - first king of Prussia, 1688-1713
- Frederick William I (the"Soldier King", 1713-40)

- Frederick I (prince and elector of Brandenburg, 1411-40)
- Joachim II (adoption of the Lutheran faith, 1535-71)
- Male line of primogenitor

- Enlightened Absolutism
- Teachings of Natural law and the state:
Hugo Grotius
Samuel Pufendorf
Christian Wolf
Gottfried Leibniz
- Raison d'etat
- Eudaemonism (re: the well-ordered "police state")

- Rechtstaat (rule of law)
- Mercantilism/Cameralism
- Louis 14th (the "Sun King", re: Versailles)
- Huguenots (Edict of Nantes, 1685)