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Wilfrid Laurier University Faculty of Arts
October 25, 2014

Canadian Excellence

Lecture 2



WILFRID LAURIER UNIVERSITY
Department of History

HI 210: GERMAN HISTORY, 1648-1871

Germany: Origins and Empire

1. Introduction: "Where is Germany?" and "Who is German?"

2. Origins
- The Romans and the Germans
- The "Barbarian" Migration (4th and 5th centuries):
- Merovingian Dynasty:
- The Carolingian Dynasty, 751-911
- The Frankish Empire of Charles the Great, 800
- Romanization and Christianization

3. Formation off the German Kingdom
- The German Duchies/Dukes
- The Ottonian Dynasty, 936-1001
- Otto I the Great, crowned emperor in 962

4. From Kingdom to Empire (Regnum teutonicum)
- Universal mission of Empire
- The Pope, Italy, and the German Kingdom/Holy Roman Empire
- The Hohenstauffen Dynasty, 1127-1254
- Frederick I ("Barbarossa"), 1154-90
- Imperial glory and decline

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- The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation
- Arminius of Cheruscan (vs. Varus in 9AD in the Teutoburg Forest)
- The Roman Limes (defensive frontier west of the Rhine and north of the Danube)
- German tribes: Alemanni, Goths, Saxons, Vandals, Lombards, Burgundians, Franks)
- Attila's Huns
- Treaty of Verdun, 843
- Louis the German (East-Frankish King)
- Saxony, Swabia, Baveria, Thuringia, Franconia
- The Salian Dynasty (1024-1125) and Henry IV and Canossa