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Wilfrid Laurier University Faculty of Arts
June 30, 2016

Canadian Excellence

Lecture 1

Department of History

HI 210: GERMAN HISTORY, 1648-1871

Introduction to German History

1.Geography and Themes of Germany History
- Geo-Political, ethnic and cultural concepts of Germany: where is Germany?
- National, regional and local identities: who is German? (Prussians, Austrians, Swiss
Germans, Alsace Germans, Bavarians, Swabians, et al)
- The religious divide: Protestantism and Catholicism
- The Austro-Prussian Dualism
- The German problem in European History and the German Question

2.The varieties of German history: from the First Reich to the Third Reich
800-1806: The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation: The First Reich and the
territorial states
1806-1815: "Napoleonic Germany" (Confederation of the Rhine)
1815-1866: The German Confederation
1867-1871: The North German Confederation
1871-1918: The German Empire (the Second Reich: Bismarckian and Wilhelmine
Germany, 1871-90 and 1890-1918)
1919-1933: The Weimar Republic (Weimar Germany)
1933-1945: The Third Reich (Nazi Germany)
1945-1948: The American, British, French, and Soviet Zones of Germany
1949-1989: The Two Germanies: the Federal Republic (FRG) and the German
Democratic Republic (GDR)
1989- : The Federal Republic of Germany (the "Berlin Republic")


- The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (Regnum teutonicum)
- The Frankish Empire of Charles the Great, 800
- The Carolingian Dynasty, 751-911
- The Ottonian Dynasty, 936-1001 (Otto I the Great, crowned emperor in 962)
- The Salian Dynasty (1024-1125)
- The Hohenstauffen Dynasty, 1127-1268 (Frederick I ("Barbarossa"), 1154-90)
- Saxony, Swabia, Baveria, Thuringia, Franconia
- The Thirty Years War, 1618-1648