Corporate Governance and the Quality of Earnings: A Canadian Perspective (ABSTRACT)
published: 2006 | Research publication | Refereed Journals - Accounting
Niu, F. (2006). "Corporate Governance and the Quality of Earnings: A Canadian Perspective". International Journal of Managerial Finance, 2 (4), 302.
ABSTRACT: The paper seeks to examine the association between corporate governance mechanisms and the quality of accounting earnings. Quality of earnings is measured in two ways: the accounting-based measure of earnings management and the market-based measure of earnings informativeness. Using firm-level corporate governance data for a sample of Canadian firms in the years 2001-2004, regression analysis explores the relation between corporate governance (including board composition, management shareholding, shareholders' rights and the extent of disclosure of governance practices), and the quality of earnings. Empirical tests demonstrate that overall governance quality is negatively related to the level of abnormal accruals and positively influences the return-earnings association. In addition, the magnitude of abnormal accruals is negatively associated with the level of independence of board composition, the extent of alignment of management compensation with interests of shareholders and the strength of shareholder rights. The results from the returns and earnings analysis are consistent with these findings. The tests in this study are association tests. Future research may use qualitative research approaches to examine the link between quality of financial reporting and governance effectiveness.
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revised Sep 22/06
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