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Lucy Lee

Initiation of a Zebrafish Blastula Cell Line on Rainbow Trout Stromal Cells and Subsequent Development Under Feeder-Free Conditions into a Cell Line, ZEB2J

Zebrafish 5(1): 49-63 (2008)
Xing JG, Lee LEJ, Fan L, Collodi P, Holt SE & Bols NC

published: 2008 | Research publication | Recent publications

A continuous cell line, ZEB2, was developed from zebrafish blastula-stage embryos expressing enhanced
green fluorescent protein (GFP). Originally the rainbow trout spleen cell line, RTS34st, was used as feeders
to initiate and maintain the cells through several passages. ZEB2 was then grown for 2 years without
feeders in L-15 with 15% fetal bovine serum (FBS) for 120 population doublings. This new cell line, ZEB2J,
was heteroploid, had detectable telomerase activity, and was adherent. After growing into monolayers,
some cells continued to grow into mounds. Cultures expressed Pou-2 mRNA and contained many alkaline
phosphatase and a few stage-specific embryonic antigen-1–positive cells. In dishes coated with a phospholipid polymer (2-methacryloxyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine, MPC), ZEB2J formed spherical aggregates. Aggregates attached to conventional culture plastic, and most cells that emerged from aggregates had typical epithelial-like shapes of ZEB2J, which suggests that ZEB2J had limited differentiation potential, despite expressing some stem cell properties. The fluorescence of ZEB2J allowed relationships with feeder cells to be studied. In MPC dishes, ZEB2J formed mixed spheroids with RTS34st. In adherent cocultures, RTS34st and other fish cell lines strongly stimulated the ZEB2J growth, which could be quantified specifically because ZEB2J expressed GFP. ZEB2J should be useful for optimizing culture conditions for
zebrafish embryonic stem cells.

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revised Apr 14/08

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