Modulation of morphine induced Fos-immunoreactivity by the cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR 141716
Neuropharmacology, 47, 1157-1169.
Singh, M.E., Verty, A.N.A., Price, I., McGregor, I.S. & Mallet, P.E.
published: 2004 | Research publication | Journal article
Abstract: A growing body of evidence suggests the existence of a functional interaction between opioid and cannabinoid systems. The present study further investigated this functional interaction by examining the combined effects of morphine and the cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR 141716 on Fos-immunoreactivity (Fos-IR), a marker for neural activation. Male albino Wistar rats were treated with SR 141716 (3 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), morphine HCl (10 mg/kg, subcutaneously), vehicle, or SR 141716 and morphine combined (n = 6 per group). Rats were injected with morphine or its vehicle 30-min after administration of SR 141716 or its vehicle and perfused 3 h later. Locomotor activity and body temperature were both increased in the morphine-treated group and SR 141716 significantly inhibited these effects. Morphine increased Fos-IR in several brain regions including the caudate-putamen (CPu), cortex (cingulate, insular and piriform), nucleus accumbens (NAS) shell, lateral septum (LS), bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), median preoptic nucleus (MnPO), medial preoptic nucleus (MPO), hypothalamus (paraventricular, dorsomedial and ventromedial), paraventricular thalamic nucleus (PV), amygdala (central and basolateral nuclei), dorsolateral periaqueductal gray, ventral tegmental area (VTA), and Edinger-Westphal nucleus. SR 141716 alone increased Fos-IR in the cortex (cingulate, insular and piriform), NAS (shell), LS, BNST, hypothalamus (paraventricular, dorsomedial and ventromedial), PV, amygdala (central, basolateral and medial nuclei), VTA, and Edinger-Westphal nucleus. SR 141716 attenuated morphine-induced Fos-IR in several regions including the CPu, cortex, NAS (shell), LS, MnPO, MPO, paraventricular and dorsomedial hypothalamus, PV, basolateral amygdala, VTA, and Edinger-Westphal nucleus (EW). These results provide further support for functional interplay between the cannabinoid and opioid systems. Possible behavioural and physiological implications of the interactive effects of SR 141716 on morphine-induced Fos-IR are discussed.
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