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Amy Christie




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Amy Christie

Disentangling the Indirect Links between SES and Health: The Dynamic Roles of Work Stressors and Personal Control


Christie, A.M. & Barling, J.

published: 2010 | Research publication | Refereed Journals - OB/HRM

Christie, A.M. & Barling, J. (2009). Disentangling the Indirect Links between SES and Health: The Dynamic Roles of Work Stressors and Personal Control. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 1466 - 1478. (project reviewed and approved by an adjudicating committee operating under the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) and Statistics Canada).

ABSTRACT

Prior research has documented an indirect link between socio-economic status and health, and the goal of this study is to help unravel this phenomenon from a dynamic perspective. We hypothesize that socio-economic status is positively related to feelings of personal control and negatively related to perceived work stressors. Drawing on dynamic conceptualizations of these psychosocial factors, we suggest that they relate to one another over time. Higher socioeconomic status individuals who have higher levels of personal control experience increasingly fewer work stressors over time compared to those with lower levels of personal control, and those who experience greater work stressors increasingly perceive less personal control over time compared to those with fewer work stressors. Finally, we argue that trajectories of personal control and work stressors are associated with the accumulation of health problems over the same period. Our model was tested using three-wave data (over four years) from a nationally representative sample of Canadian employees (N = 3,419). Latent curve modeling (LCM) provided support for the proposed dynamic model. Conceptual and practical implications are drawn, and suggestions for future research outlined.

Download the article at: http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/apl/94/6/1466/

revised Jun 10/09

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